The year was 1960. In the middle of a hot, tropical jungle, Jane Goodall held out a banana to a chimpanzee. She was in East Africa, in what is now Tanzania, working in a place so wild and remote that it could only be reached by boat. For months she had been trying to learn about the chimpanzees here, but they were nervous around humans and would swing away through the trees. Not today. The chimpanzee looked at the banana, edged towards Jane and took it from her hand. Jane’s heart leaped. At last – at last! – these wonderful creatures were starting to trust her. ・remote [rɪ’mot] adj. 遙遠的、偏僻的 ・swing away 盪走 ・edge [ɛdʒ] v. 緩緩移動
Some people are born to care for animals. When Jane was one and-a-half years old, growing up in England, she gathered a big handful of wriggly worms from her garden and took them up to her bed. You might think this was an odd thing to do – and certainly Jane’s mother thought so. She explained to her daughter that worms needed soil, not bedclothes, to survive. So the little girl hurriedly took them back down to the garden where they belonged. ・wriggly [‘rɪglɪ] adj. 蠕動的
Jane was besotted with wildlife in other ways too. She liked to sit watching hedgehogs and squirrels. She wrote nature poetry. She took her black-and-white dog Rusty on long walks, scrambling along cliff tops and beaches. This love of the natural world kept growing as she got older, but even she would never have guessed how important her passion for animals would become. ・be besotted with 對⋯痴迷 ・hedgehog [‘hɛdʒ͵hɑg] n. 刺蝟 ・scramble [‘skræmb!] v. 攀爬
Jane was twenty-six when she began working in Gombe, western Tanzania (in what is today Gombe National Park). At this time people had very little information about how chimpanzees lived – in fact, almost nothing was known about their behavior in the wild. Jane wanted to change that. Some scientists thought it was ridiculous to be sending a young woman into the jungle alone. Jane didn’t agree. She was glad to make the green, sweaty tangle of the trees her office. ・ridiculous [rɪ’dɪkjələs] adj. 荒謬的
Through months and years of patient study, Jane opened the world’s eyes to how amazing and intelligent chimpanzees can be. No creature on Earth has more in common with humans, and Jane helped us to appreciate this. She saw that they used long pieces of grass to ‘fish’ for insects in termite nests. She saw that mothers and babies had close, powerful bonds, just like humans do. And she saw that chimpanzees fought, and sometimes even hurt each other. ・termite [‘tɝmaɪt] n. 白蟻 ・bond [bɑnd] n. 羈絆、情誼
She also learned – thanks to her favorite chimpanzee, whom she named David Greybeard, after the white hairs on his chin – that they were able to show trust and kindness, not just to each other but to people too. It was David Greybeard who had taken that first banana from her hand. And, when he died of an illness in 1968, Jane became even more determined to do everything she could to understand and protect chimpanzees.
Her work has never stopped. In 1977 she founded the Jane Goodall Institute, which researches the lives of wild chimpanzees, the welfare of captive chimpanzees, and works with local communities. It also works with young people around the world through its Roots & Shoots program. Jane also campaigns for the people who live in, and around, our forests, and who know them best – as well as the animals that live there. ・institute [‘ɪnstətjut] n. 協會、學院 ・campaign [kæm’pen] v. 從事運動
Decades after her first trip to the jungle, Jane is still inspiring us to love and value wild creatures. She spends around 300 days a year traveling the world to spread her message. There are fewer than 300,000 chimpanzees left in the wild anywhere – and Jane is determined to help this number to rise.
Schoolgirl Ridhima Pandey lives in Haridwar, in the state of Uttarakhand, in northern India, close to the soaring snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas. Her mother’s job is to help look after local forests and her father works for an environmental group, so from an early age Ridhima was fascinated by trees and animals. If she saw an injured dog or an abandoned kitten, she would bring it home and look after it. ・soaring [ˈsɔːrɪŋ] adj. 高聳的 ・abandoned [əˈbændənd] adj. 被遺棄的
But she also learned how dangerous nature could be. In 2013, when Ridhima was six years old, a terrible flood swept across Uttarakhand. It destroyed roads, bridges, woodland and houses, carrying away people and animals, and leaving some families homeless. For years afterwards, the young girl was upset and angry. She wanted to understand why it had happened, and what was being done to stop it happening again.
When her father explained that the flood was partly caused by climate change, and by the different building projects along the banks of the local rivers, she asked him to do something to help. Eventually he agreed to make a formal legal complaint claiming that the Indian government wasn’t doing enough to help the environment. But because it had been Ridhima’s idea, they decided that it should be her name on the complaint. ・complaint [kəmplent] n. (律)告訴、控告
This is how, in 2017, the story of a nine-year-old girl taking the Indian government to court made newspaper headlines all over the world. India is the seventh-largest country on the planet, with a population of more than 1.3 billion, so for one young schoolgirl to be standing up against such a powerful government was extraordinary. ・population [͵pɑpjəˈleʃən] n. 人口
Several years later, Ridhima is still campaigning. She understands that the government must do more to protect the forests, clean up the rivers and stop damaging the land so that her generation will not suffer the consequences. And, by drawing international attention to such an important issue, Ridhima has shown us that no one is too young to be an activist. ・consequence [ˈkɑnsə͵kwɛns] n. 後果